根据一个新的调查,美国人希望他们的法院有柱子,山型和砖,而不是“玻璃,混凝土和锋利的几何形状”。该调查由国家公民艺术协会(NCAS)委托,这是一个非营利组织,该组织致力于促进联邦建筑的古典建筑,并消除缺乏“传统人文美容标准”的现代和当代设计。

由哈里斯民意调查进行的调查,从婴儿潮一代到Gen Zers的婴儿潮一代(跨越种族,地区,教育水平,收入和派对线)进行了调查。Each respondent was shown seven pairs of images of unidentified federal buildings: each pairing comprised one building in a classical style and one modern, and the respondent was then asked, “Which of these two buildings would you prefer for a U.S. courthouse or federal office building?” The responses, based on that methodology, led NCAS to declare that “an overwhelming majority of Americans—more than seven in 10 (72 percent)—prefer traditional architecture for U.S. courthouses and federal office buildings.”

调查遵循新闻,首次记录去年2月,初步的执行命令在白宫中循环,这将决定“古典建筑风格是所有新的和升级的联邦建筑的”首选和默认的风格“,以及当前联邦建筑的指导原则在使用中超过50年,被报废。超过11,000名建筑师撰写了反对派的政府,抗议活动来自美国建筑师研究所,古典建筑研究所,以及国家信任,以及其他组织。

As with the survey, the order originated with NCAS and its president Justin Shubow, who was appointed by President Trump in 2018 to the U.S. Commission on Fine Arts, which reviews public spaces and Federal buildings in Washington, D.C. “At a time when Americans are deeply divided across so many areas, it’s heartening to see that the vast majority of us can at least agree on federal architecture,” says Shubow.

只有七个配对,特写图像,该调查没有提供任何结构的背景,使选择是一种二维美容竞赛。例如,Brutalist 1965 Robert C. Weaver联邦建筑,例如,与1934年的新古典主义结构配对,现在拥有环境保护局。织布工建筑是由Marcel Breuer设计的双雅形计划,曲线在它面前拥抱一个广场,而弯曲的EPA大楼是由William Adams Delano和Chester Holmes Aldrich设计的,受到其他地方的,该地方Vendôme在巴黎。What’s missing are many indicators typically used to judge successful architecture: besides the lack of historical and urban context, there is no way from the thumbnail photos to discern scale, how materials are detailed, the quality and feeling of the interiors (what Le Corbusier called “ineffable space”); how daylight is introduced; the choreography of circulation; whether or not a building functions well for the programs it houses; and factors relating to sustainability, to name just a handful.

为了支持其调查结果,NCAS引用了2007年的AIA民意调查,也发现美国人更喜欢“唤起古老的建筑风格的老建筑物”。但是,为了回应新的调查,AIA发表了一份声明:“这不是关于联邦建筑或受欢迎的大多数人的风格偏好的问题。它是关于确保一个过程仍然存在,允许社区投入和保证联邦建筑的灵活性反映当地的文化和需求...联邦建筑的指导原则在设计风格上建立了联邦中立。他们没有任何一种风格。AIA基于思想议程的进步,反对任何形式的设计授权。“

目前,特朗普政府的拟议执行命令授权官方古典风格是休眠。